From the outset the government exalted contemporary manifestations of Mexico’s pre-Hispanic past while simultaneously directing attention to the rich diversity inherent in Mexican culture. This glorification of indigenous peoples evolved into what Luis Villoro described as the dialectic of the indigenista mindset. By emphasizing the unique and pristine nature of Mexican culture through the valorization of its native inhabitants, the leaders sought to elevate the “real” Americans against the rest of the world, and especially against the United States. The image of the native Mexican, viewed as the protagonist in the revolution, sustained the nationalist movement between 1920 and 1940.
Rebecca Block and Lynda Hoffman-JeepSource, Fashioning National Identity: Frida Kahlo in “Gringolandia”Author(s):